MULTICULTURALISM – THE CONCEPT
Multiculturalism is the phenomenon of multiple groups of cultures existing within one society, largely due to the arrival of immigrant communities, or the acceptance and advocation of this phenomenon.
Supporters of multiculturalism claim that different traditions and cultures can enrich society; however, the concept also has its critics.
Multiculturalism occurs naturally when a society is willing to accept the culture of immigrants (with, ideally, immigrants also willing to accept the culture of the land to which they have come).
A distinction should be drawn between multiculturalism that occurs simply due to the absence of a single enforced culture, and multiculturalism which is endorsed and actively encouraged by the government; this is often referred to as state multiculturalism.
Multiculturalism in India
India is culturally, linguistically, religiously and ethnically one of the most diverse country in the world.
The term multiculturalism is not much used in India. Within Indian culture, the term unity in diversity is more commonly used.
According to the 1961 Census of India, there are 1652 indigenous languages in the country
The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous hereditary groups, often termed jatis or castes
Religiously, the Hindus form the majority, followed by the Muslims.
India (officially) follows a three-language policy.
Further, India does not have any national language
Occasionally, however, India has encountered religiously motivated violence
In India, secularism means equal treatment of all religions.