India has been ranked at 130th position among 188 countries in the Human Development Report (HDR) 2015 released by UNDP. Consider the following statements.
1) India’s HDI score of 0.609 lies in the category of low human development
2) India has the lowest rank among all BRICS nations
3) India also ranks below all BRICS nations in terms of the mean years of schooling.
Which of the above statements are correct?
- 1 and 2 only
- 3 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 1 and 3 only
The correct answer for yesterday’s question is D i.e. all the statements are correct
Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)
INDCs are plans by governments communicated to the UNFCCC regarding the steps they will take to address climate change domestically. As per the COP 19 decision (Warsaw 2013), all Parties were requested to prepare their INDCs and communicate them well in advance of COP 21. Accordingly, India submitted its INDC to the UNFCCC on 2 October 2015. India’s INDC is comprehensive and covers all elements, i.e. adaptation, mitigation, finance, technology and capacity building. It also covers concerns to protect the vulnerable sectors and segments of its society. The principle of equity and CBDR, historical responsibilities and India’s development imperatives and enhanced adaptation requirements have been recurring themes in the INDC document.
Important points in India’s INDC:
To reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent of the 2005 level by 2030. To achieve about 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel- based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance including from the Green Climate Fund (GCF). To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent (CO2eq.) through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.