IMPORTANT SCHEME- SKILL AND LABOUR- PART 1

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Shramev Jayate/ (Pandit Deeldayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Karyakam)

  • It is aimed at creating conducive environment for industrial development and ease of doing business through introduction of several labour reforms.
  • This programme was launched to support the Make In India campaign
  • It targets to benefit atleast 4 crore labourers.
  • The five main schemes launched under Shramev Jayate are:
  • A dedicated Shram Suvidha Portal:That would allot Labour Identification Number (LIN) to nearly 6 lakhs units and allow them to file online compliance for 16 out of 44 labour laws
  • An all-new Random Inspection Scheme: Utilizing technology to eliminate human discretion in selection of units for Inspection, and uploading of Inspection Reports within 72 hours of inspection mandatory
  • Universal Account Number:Enables 4.17 crore employees to have their Provident Fund account portable, hassle-free and universally accessible
  • Apprentice Protsahan Yojana: Will support manufacturing units mainly and other establishments by reimbursing 50% of the stipend paid to apprentices during first two years of their training
  • Revamped Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana: Introducing a Smart Card for the workers in the unorganized sector seeded with details of two more social security schemes

Ajeevika- National Rural Livelihoods Mission

  • Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) was restructured as National Rural Livelihoods Mission and launched in June, 2011
  • It is also called Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – NRLM
  • NRLM has now been renamed as Aajeevika
  • Ministry of Rural Development
  • This World Bank Supported Programme supports Rural BPL people by organizing them into SHG (Self Help Groups) and making them capable for self-employment by providing capacities such as information, knowledge, skills, tools, finance and collectivization.
  • Aajeevika will focus on setting up of federations of SHGs from village panchayat to district levels.
  • The goal of universal financial inclusion will be furthered through linking the SHGs with banks for securing credit.
  • Aajeevika envisages Capacity Building and Training of the community Institutions and the personnel engaged in programme implementation as well as other stakeholders like Bankers, PRI functionaries etc

 

MGNREGS- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

  • Ministry of Rural Development
  • Is the largestwork guarantee programme in the world, was enacted in 2005 with the primary objective of guaranteeing 100 days of wage employment per year to rural households.  
  • There is an emphasis on strengthening the process of decentralisation through giving a significant role to Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in planning and implementing these works.
  • Main objective of the programme is to provide for the enhancement of livelihood security of the rural households by ensuring a legal right for atleast 100 days of unskilled wage employment to willing adult members.
  • At least one third beneficiaries have to be women.
  • In 2014, those tribals who have received land rights under the Forest Rights Act, 2006, were made eligible for additional 50 days of wage employment under the rural job scheme
  • Employment must be provided with 15 days of being demanded failing which an ‘unemployment allowance’ must be given.
  • Gram sabhas must recommend the works that are to be undertaken and at least 50% of the works must be executed by them
  • Funding is shared between the centre and the states.
  • There are three major items of expenditure – wages (for unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled labour), material and administrative costs.
  • The central government bears 100% of the cost of unskilled labour, 75% of the cost of semi-skilled and skilled labour, 75% of the cost of materials and 6% of the administrative costs.
  • Covers the entire country
  • MGNREGA envisages creation of durable and productive assets which would contribute greatly to the economic and ecological development of the rural areas.
  • At least one social audit in each Gram Panchayat every six months.
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